Influence of the Rotational Method and the Shift Labor Regime on the Employee Body Functional State


Annotation:

Based on the results of the review of domestic and foreign works it was established that in the conditions of the rotational method of labor organization the adverse production, climatogeographic and social factors affect the employee health. These indicators lead to the formation of physical and psycho-emotional overloads accompanied by stress of the physiological systems, biological rhythms shift in the body, which prevent adaptation and survival in changing environmental conditions. The disadvantages of this method of labor is an intensive work during rotation. It is accompanied by chronic stress of all the physiological systems of the body, violation of the life-sustaining activity stereotype, forced social and psychophysiological discomfort. Besides, the shift of the working time when using the shift regime violates daily biological rhythms of a person. The consequences of the disturbed cycle of sleep and wakefulness — fatigue and hyposomnia, which lead to disturbance of brain function, weakening of attention, coordination and memory resulting in the increase of injury risk. In addition, the shift work at night can be the risk factor for the development of diseases of the organs of digestive, circulatory and respiratory systems. Due to the use of physiologically inadequate regimes of labor and rest, the chronic fatigue accumulates, which increases the risk of the development of occupational diseases and injuries at work. Analysis of the literature on this subject showed potential hazard of the rotation method of work organization and shift work with night time for the health of the employees, which indicates the need in improving the normative legal regulation of using the special forms of work organization in order to protect health of the employees.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2019-6-30-37
Year: 2019
Issue num: June
Keywords : occupational safety rotational period shift labor regime functional state of the employee body
Authors:
  • Bekeeva S.A.
    Bekeeva S.A.
    Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Senior Research Assistant, Laboratory Head Republican Scientific Research Institute for Labour Protection of Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nur-Sultan, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Eselkhanova G.A.
    Eselkhanova G.A.
    Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Deputy General Director RGKP «Republican Research Institute on Labor Protection of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan», Nur-Sultan, Republic of Kazakhstan