The Role of Active Carbons in the Ecology of Production, Transportation and Processing of Oil and Gas


V.M. Mukhin, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Laboratory Head, VictorMukhin@yandex.ru AO «ENPO «Neorganika», Elektrostal, Russia

Annotation:

The results of studies carried out in the period 1991–2017 on protection of the environment against the technogenic effect by means of carbon adsorption technologies are presented. The main ecological fields of active carbon application in oil and gas industry, both put into practice and having good prospect for implementation, are highlighted in the article. The efficiency is shown related to the use of active carbons for soil detoxification and protection of the main pipeline routes, as well as water sources during oil spill. Particularly, the efficiency of the new active FAS-3 carbon in the recovery of solvents and gas-forming hydrocarbons is highlighted.
Technologies of sanitary purification of air from toxicants formed at the petrochemical plants, as well as sewage water at oil refineries and petrochemical enterprises using active carbons are noted.
Processes of refining liquid products of petrochemistry and oil and gas processing are considered. Particularly the attention is paid to the reactivation of active carbons used in the purification of amine solutions, which are applied for natural gas desulfurization.
Analysis of carbon adsorption technologies showed that the Russian oil and gas industry requires about 14 500 tons of active carbons of various grades per year, which is about 20 % of the total demand of our country in active carbons, and almost 50 % of the share of imported carbon adsorbents. It is also required to take into account that new advanced carbon adsorption technologies in this industry will be developing.
 

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2018-3-29-34
Year: 2018
Issue num: March
Keywords : environmental protection ecology active carbons oil and oil products carbon adsorption technologies oil and gas transportation
Authors: