The main concepts of safety culture at work and the problems of their adaptation to specific conditions at the enterprises of PJSC LUKOIL and PJSC SIBUR Holding are considered. Safety culture is a broad concept that includes a set of knowledge, beliefs, moral values, habits, skills, as well as a set of legislative and normative acts.
Individual elements of a safety culture can be implemented in various combinations. However, not all the organizations have a specific concept for implementing safety culture programs in their workplaces. In this regard, the study of the efficiency of the activities of the enterprises of PJSC LUKOIL and PJSC SIBUR Holding was conducted to improve the culture of occupational safety. The dynamics of incidents and its dependence on the introduced measures for the implementation of programs for the culture of safety at work were assessed. The objectives of this work are to establish afore-mentioned dependence at work, as well as to identify the best practices for introducing an occupational safety culture. The causes of injuries and their relationship with the safety culture at work, as well as the influence of individual tools of this culture on the frequency and severity of incidents are considered.
It is established that the use of only informational tools, as is done at many Russian enterprises, does not reduce injuries. Simple information does not lead to an improvement in occupational safety and efficiency of the enterprise, and sometimes even causes the opposite effect. The most promising and efficient tool for the occupational safety culture is the assessment of occupational risks, i.e., identification of incidents that potentially lead to injury or incident. The conducted analysis of the implementation of various programs on the culture of occupational safety will help enterprises to choose the concept of safety culture that is optimal for themselves and, as a result, reduce the level of work injuries.
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