Complex conditions at work places cause exhaustion of psychological and physiological resources of a human, which affects employee’s efficiency.
The occupational burnout syndrome, by a number of signs, is similar to the emotional burnout, however, its source is a situation at work. The phenomenon includes a set of negative emotions and experiences directly associated with work.
The basic signs of occupational burnout are as follows: the feeling of eternally deep fatigue, overwhelming exhaustion, cynical and indifferent attitude to colleagues, disappointment in one’s own work results, and depreciation of one’s own expertise. One might think that he/she works insufficiently, then gradually the disappointment grows and causes anxiety and complete exhaustion. When unattended, these emotional disorders develop into severe diseases.
The occupational burnout is a phenomenon that recently became of focus of research of various disciplines, from psychology to labor protection. With the other occupational deceases caused by hazardous factors of production environment, the occupational burnout as a result of the effects of stress on human organism leads to decreasing work efficiency, is harmful for employee’s health and may cause illnesses. Employee’s adaptation to occupational requirements is associated with development of useful personal characteristic and suppression of those hampering one’s professional functioning. Such changes affect the psychological and emotional condition of an employee.
In order to determine the recommendations how to overcome stress at work, the level of occupational burnout of 14 employees of a design & construction bureau was conducted via using V.V. Boiko’s test «The diagnostics of emotional burnout level» modified by E.P. Ilyin.
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