Reduction of Individual Risk for the Employee of Fuel Filling Stations with Building the Accident Logical Models


Annotation:

The possibility of individual fire risk reduction when refueling cars at the fuel filling stations using modern technical systems is considered. The network of fuel filling stations is presented as a subsystem of petroleum products provision, which is performing the functions of receipt, storage and release of petroleum and related products (services rendering) to the end users. Hazard is borne by significant amount of stored motor fuel and operating equipment. Possible location of fuel filling stations within the boundaries of the human settlements, as well as the likelihood of manifestation of the subjective factors caused by the inappropriate behavior of the drivers of vehicles or other persons, are additional threats to safety of the personnel and public.

The following types of accidents are typical for fuel filling stations: pool fire, fireball, explosion, pops. The article highlighted the areas of fuel filling stations, where most frequently occur the events, that result in the undesirable consequences. Various scenarios of emergency situations are considered. Pool fire is the most dangerous - scenario of the development of an accident, at which there is a thermal effect on people.

Individual fire risk is calculated. For reducing this risk, it was proposed to supply fuel dispensers with a powder fire extinguishing module. The most efficient way to extinguish the fire is to block oxygen entering to ignition area. Automatic powder fire extinguishing system solves the problem due to the chemical properties of various metal salts that are part of fire extinguishing mixtures. As a result, the introduction of an automatic fire extinguishing system reduces four times the individual risk of people exposure.

References:
  1. Timofeeva S.S., Furmanova C.S. Fire hazard analysis at fuel filling stations in Russia and Irkutsk region. Vestnik IrGTU = IrGTU Bulletin. 2012. № 8 (67). pp. 55–61. (In Russ.).
  2. Gurbanova A.G., Loktionova E.G. Accident causes and consequences at the gas filling stations. Materialy VI Mezhdunar. studencheskoy nauch. konf. «Studencheskiy nauchnyy forum – 2014» (Materials of the VI International student scientific conference «Student Scientific Forum — 2014»). Available at: https://scienceforum.ru/2014/article/2014000981 (accessed: May 18, 2019). (In Russ.).
  3. Radchenko Yu.S. Assessment of accidents consequences at the gas stations. Trudy BGTU. Ser. 4: Khimiya, tekhnologiya organicheskikh veshchestv i biotekhnologiya = BGTU Proceedings. Series 4: Chemistry, technology of organic substances and biotechnology. 2008. Vol. 1. Iss. 4. pp. 125–129. (In Russ.).
  4. Rubtsov V.V. Fire safety of Moscow gas stations. Obrazovanie i nauka v Rossii i za rubezhom = Education and science in Russia and abroad. 2019. № 3 (51). Available at: https://www.gyrnal.ru/statyi/ru/1338/ (accessed: May 18, 2019). (In Russ.).
  5. Kluban V.S., Suslina A.S. Fire safety of technological processes at filling stations. Ezhegodnaya mezhdunar. nauch.-tekhn. konf. «Sistemy bezopasnosti» = Annual International Scientific-technical Conference «Safety Systems». 2017. № 26. pp. 197–200. (In Russ.).
  6. Larionov V.I., Akatev V.A., Aleksandrov A.A. Risk of accidents at the gas stations. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2004. № 2. pp. 44–48. (In Russ.).
  7. Belov P.G. Aprior Risk Assessment of the Cascade Accidents by Modeling. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2018. № 10. pp. 66–73. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2018-10-66-73
  8. Chandrasekaran S., Kiran A. Quantified Risk Assessment: Understanding the Hazards of LPG Filling Stations. Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/journal-paper/ASSE-15-09-44 (accessed: May 13, 2019).
  9. Periyasamy P., Yagoub M.M., Al Hader M. Assessment of Petrol Filling Stations Hazards Risk in Abu Dhabi, UAE-GIS Applications. Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition & Conference. Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE-188634-MS (accessed: May 13, 2019). DOI: 10.2118/188634-MS
  10. Swallow C., Hambrick R., Thomas K. Lone Worker Protection: The Need Is Here. Are You Filling It? ASSE Professional Development Conference and Exposition. Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ASSE-15-764 (accessed: May 18, 2019).
  11. Peckham G. Risk Communication: A Critical Component in Achieving ISO 45001 Objectives. ASSE Professional Development Conference and Exposition. Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ASSE-17-737 (accessed: May 18, 2019).
  12. SP 156.13130.2014. Car filling stations. Fire safety requirements. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_164118/ (accessed: May 18, 2019). (In Russ.).
  13. RD 153-39.2-080—01. Rules of gas stations technical operation. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_63412/ (accessed: May 18, 2019). (In Russ.).
  14. On fire prevention regime (along with the «Rules of fire prevention regime in the Russian Federation»): Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated April 25, 2012 № 390 (edition of 07.03.2019). Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_129263/ (accessed: May 18, 2019). (In Russ.).
  15. Technical regulations on fire safety requirements: Federal Law of July 22, 2008 № 123-FZ (edition of 07.29.2017). Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_78699/ (accessed: May 18, 2019). (In Russ.).
  16. GOST R 12.3.047—2012. Occupational Safety Standards System. Fire safety of technological processes. General requirements. Control methods. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200103505 (accessed: May 18, 2019). (In Russ.).
  17. GOST 12.0.230.5—2018. Occupational Safety Standards System. Occupational safety management systems. Risk assessment methods for ensuring safety of work. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200160465 (accessed: May 18, 2019). (In Russ.).
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2019-7-81-85
Year: 2019
Issue num: July
Keywords : accident fire probability fuel filling station model individual risk scenario pool fire
Authors:
  • Keyn O.P.
    Keyn O.P.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor, opkein@yandex.ru National Research Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russia
  • Klimova I.V.
    Klimova I.V.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor FGBOU VO «UGTU», Ukhta, Russia