V.M. Mukhin, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Laboratory Head, VictorMukhin@yandex.ru AO «ENPO «Neorganika», Elektrostal, Russia
The problem of atmospheric pollution in the areas of solid waste landfills has now become so acute that it turned to be the national security issue. It is especially critical for Moscow region, but it may soon become even more critical at the federal level too. Due to their physical and chemical properties the active carbons (carbon adsorbents) can be effectively used to solve environmental problems in the waste-processing industry. The review of the work on protection of the atmosphere against industrial emissions and human protection in the contaminated atmosphere using sorption technologies based on active coals is presented in the article. New ways are proposed concerning the protection of the atmosphere and water supply sources from the landfill gas and landfill filtrate using active carbons and catalysts based on them. The technical solution is suggested for protecting the atmosphere air near Moscow from the landfill gas. It is noted that in Russia the creation of production of active coals based on coal-pitch compositions with the use of domestic coal raw materials was started, which are primarily focused on solving the problems of waste-processing industry and waste incineration plants. The capacity of the first production line will be 3-5 thousand tons per year. This will allow to solve the national environmental problem of the landfills and the solid domestic waste landfills, and, also of the incineration plants in terms of effective sorption reagents. It is obvious that for the implementation of the new sorption technologies in the waste-processing industry it is required to start the creation of the new active coal production facilities in the Russian Federation based on domestic carbon-containing raw materials, primarily the coal tar raw material of Kuzbass.
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