Problems of the Departmental Regulatory Frameworks of Oil Refineries in the Field of Fire Safety


Annotation:

For achieving the results while respecting fire safety in refineries, regulations are needed that are adapted to the new conditions in their use. At present, such concepts became important as fire risk assessment, risk category, conditions for ensuring fire safety requirements, fire supervision of the object of protection.

The concept and main directions of development of the regulatory and technical base of fire safety in the modern conditions are outlined. The relevance is noted related to the determination of the violations that pose a threat to human life and health, and the need to use departmental regulations for fire safety in the oil refining industry. The current fire safety rules are analyzed, a new approach to their application is noted, measures are developed to improve them at the facilities of oil refineries. A comparison is made of some paragraphs of the fire safety rules and the departmental fire safety rules for oil refineries. Duplicate, as well as conflicting regulations were fixed.

The importance of dividing fire safety regulatory requirements into technical and regime requirements is noted, and such a division is proposed in the departmental regulatory document. The examples of separation of the requirements are shown, and a brief analysis was carried out concerning the importance of the requirements of Fire safety rules for the operation of oil refineries. The obsolete time of adoption of departmental fire safety rules for oil refineries is noted.

It is proposed to improve and implement the departmental fire safety rules based on the existing fire safety rules for oil refineries.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2022-2-38-42
Year: 2022
Issue num: February
Keywords : fire risk fire safety regulatory and technical base oil refineries departmental fire safety rules
Authors:
  • Bakirov I.K.
    Bakirov I.K.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof., bakirovirek@bk.ru Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, Ufa, Russia
  • Khafizov F.Sh.
    Khafizov F.Sh.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Head of the Department Ufa state petroleum technological university, Ufa, Russia
  • Zaripova L.Kh.
    Zaripova L.Kh.
    Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Assoc. Prof. Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, Ufa, Russia