Completeness of Use of the Mineral Resources, and the Health of the Population in the Mining Region


Annotation:

The study of the biochemical status of the population revealed a decrease in the antiradical activity and inhibition of the oxidase activity. The dynamics of glutathione reductase activity was established, which is a consequence of metal-induced intoxication. Indicators of the health status of the population of mining areas correlate with the number of pollutants entering the environment and the size of the contaminated area. The advances development of metal-induced oxidative stress was established, which reduces the quality and duration of human life. The health of the inhabitants of the mining region and the loss of metals during the extraction of ores depend on the share of dust and fine ore fractions, which, during enrichment end up in waste and are carried by water and wind. It is shown that the minimization of chemical pollution of the environment with metals is possible with the use of technologies that limit the contact of ores with the environmental ecosystems. At the same time, aggressive small fractions do not enter the habitat, and the extraction efficiency increases due to the recovery of the previously lost metals. The technology of leaching metals in the underground blocks was industrially used for more than half a century ensuring in some cases a large share of the production capacity of the enterprises. Leaching in the disintegrators passed the stage of laboratory research on the Sadon polymetallic ores and ferruginous quartzites of the Lebedinskoye deposit. The results of study of the quality of mined ores use, including the effect of dust and fine ore fractions on the health of the population are consistent with the conclusions of the researchers. It is concluded that there is a correlation between the health of residents of residential areas and the quality of mined ores use. Therefore, expanding the scope of metal leaching technologies is the key in solving the problems of rational use of subsoil resources and ensuring the safety of workers.

References:
1. Golik V.I., Dmitrak Yu.V., Burdzieva O.G. Natural Leaching of Metals During Mining of the North Caucasus. Ekologiya promyshlennogo proizvodstva = Ecology of Industrial Production. 2018. № 2 (102). pp. 35–41. (In Russ.).
2. Brigida V.S., Kozhiev Kh.Kh., Saryan A.A., Dzhioeva A.K. Time-Space Problems in Geoecology: an Inter-Disciplinary Approach. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten = Mining informational and analytical bulletin. 2020. № 4. pp. 20–32. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.25018/0236-14932020-4-0-20-32
3. Zaalishvili V.B., Melkov D.A., Dzeranov B.V., Morozov F.S., Tuaev G.E. Integrated instrumental monitoring of hazardous geological processes under the Кazbek volcanic center. International Journal of GEOMATE. 2018. Vol. 15. № 47. pp. 158–163.
4. Golik V.I., Razorenov Yu.I. To the Assessment of Efficiency of Leaching of the Off-Spec Uranium Raw Materials in the Dump. Bezopasnost Truda v Promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2017. № 11. pp. 48–53. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2017-11-48-53
5. Komashchenko V.I., Golik V.I., Belin V.A., Gaponenko A.L. Enhanced Efficiency of Blasting by New Methods of Borehole Charge Initiation in Open-Pit Mines. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten = Mining informational and analytical bulletin. 2014. № 9. pp. 293–304. (In Russ.).
6. Vishnevskaya N.L., Liskova M.Yu., Plakhova L.V. Personnel Physiology and Hygiene, and Occupational Health and Safety Maintenance in Deep Mines: Problems and Solutions. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten = Mining informational and analytical bulletin. 2020. № 10. pp. 163–176. (In Russ.).
7. Dmitrak Yu.V., Tsidaev B.S., Dzaparov V.Kh., Kharebov G.Kh. Mineral and Raw Materials Base of Colored Metallurgy of Russia. Vektor GeoNauk = Vector of Geosciences. 2019. Vol. 2. № 1. pp. 9–18. (In Russ.).
8. Samchuk-Khabarova N.Ya., Khoroshun E.G., Gaponov V.L. Risk Assessment in the Field of Occupational Safety and the Environment at the Construction of Linear Objects. Bezopasnost Truda v Promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2019. № 4. pp. 89–93. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2019-4-89-93
9. Burmistrov K.V., Osintsev N.A. Principles of sustainable development of mining and technical systems in transitional periods. Izvestiya Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Inzhiniring georesursov = Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University. Geo Assets Engineering. 2020. Vol. 331. № 4. pp. 179–195. (In Russ.).
10. Trump B.D., Kadenic M., Linkov I. A sustainable Arctic: Making hard decisions. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325271330_A_sustainable_Arctic_Making_hard_decisions (accessed: December 10, 2020). DOI: 10.1080/15230430.2 018.1438345
11. Jaskólski M.W., Pawłowski Ł., Strzelecki M.C. High Arctic coasts at risk — the case study of coastal zone development and degradation associated with climate changes and multidirectional human impacts in Longyearbyen (Adventfjorden, Svalbard). Land Degradation & Development. 2018. Vol. 29. Iss. 8. pp. 2514–2524. DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2974
12. Alpenberg J., Wnuk-Pel T., Henebäck A. Environmental orientation in Swedish Local Governments. Sustainability. 2018. Vol. 10. Iss. 2. pp. 459–480. DOI: 10.3390/su10020459
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-6-34-40
Year: 2021
Issue num: June
Keywords : ecology disease incidence region subsoil resources public health ore dressing mining of ores processing of ores
Authors:
  • Golik V.I.
    Golik V.I.
    v.i.golik@mail.ru, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof. SRSPU (NPI), Novocherkassk, Russia Chief Research Associate GPI VSC RAS, Vladikavkaz, Russia
  • Razorenov Yu.I.
    Razorenov Yu.I.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Rector YuRGPU (NPI), Novocherkassk, Russia
  • Vagin V.S.
    Vagin V.S.
    Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), Prof., Head of the Department Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), Novocherkassk, Russia
  • Puzin V.S.
    Puzin V.S.
    Cand. Sci (Eng.), Assoc. Prof., Vice-Rector Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), Novocherkassk, Russia