Parallel between the Economic Destabilization and the Creation of Safe Working Conditions in the Subjects of Small Business Entities in the Republic of Uzbekistan


Annotation:

Small business plays a significant role in the economy of the state and in providing employment for the population. This is confirmed by the statistical indicators of the share of small business in the gross domestic product of the Republic of Uzbekistan over the past 5 years — in 2020 it reached 48 %, while the share of employment in the small business sector was 68 %. Considering that the small business sector during the pandemic often escaped the attention of the state control over working conditions, it can be concluded that a significant part of the small business employees works in potentially unsafe conditions.
The main economic and social problems in the sphere of small and medium-sized businesses, directly or indirectly affecting occupational safety are considered in the article. Analysis of the statistical data revealed the dependence between the economic destabilization, and an increase in incidents: their growth in 2020 amounted to almost 50 % in relation to 2019.
It is concluded that forcing small businesses to work in accordance with the international codes and the current Occupational safety and health management system in the event of a crisis is inappropriate. Proposals were formulated on transforming the work of such enterprises, considering their capabilities, in three stages:
mass audit of Occupational safety and health management system of small enterprises considering their structural and target differences;
systematization of occupational safety management processes in the small businesses;
introduction of Occupational safety and health management system as the main anti-crisis measure for the small businesses.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-7-29-34
Year: 2021
Issue num: July
Keywords : occupational safety working conditions industrial incident audit occupational safetу management system small enterprises gross domestic product
Authors:
  • Atabaev K.A.
    Atabaev K.A.
    Postdoctoral Student, kaxramon93@yandex.ru Tashkent State Technical University named after Islam Karimov, Tashkent, the Republic of Uzbekistan
  • Petrosova L.I.
    Petrosova L.I.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof. Tashkent State Technical University named after Islam Karimov, Tashkent, Uzbekistan