Assessment of Fire Hazard Level of Industrial Objects based on the Statistic Methods


Annotation:

The problems of fire hazard assessment at the industrial objects using statistical data are considered in the article. The assessment of fire hazard level was performed by various methods per groups of similar objects. The level of fire hazard for multi-family residential is shown for comparison. It is concluded that the fires with loss of people life at the industrial facilities occur less frequently than in the multi-family residential. However, the average number of lost and injured people in the fires at the industrial facilities is higher than in the case of residential buildings. 

The average frequency of fires accompanied by loss of life at the industrial facilities is 6.3 times less than the average in the multi-family residential. At the same time, the average number of lost per employee was 1.4 and 1.6 times higher, respectively, than the same average for the residential buildings.

The ratio is given concerning the injured and lost at the facilities of different industries This information is compared with the statistics for multi-family residential. It is shown that in general, the ratio of injured people to those lost in the fire is higher in all the industrial enterprises than in multi-family residential.

Safety of labor conditions at the enterprises of light, forest, woodworking and pulp and paper industries, as well as at the agricultural enterprises was studied. The above branches of industry are characterized by the highest level of fire hazard, and the ratio of injured and lost in the fires in this case is less than one.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2020-3-12-17
Year: 2020
Issue num: March
Keywords : fire safety injury rate object of protection industry loss
Authors: