Domestic Experience of Work without Fatal Injuries at the Coal Mining Enterprise


Annotation:

Russian enterprises have a successful experience of work without accidents and injuries, but unfortunately, this experience is not documented and not duly analyzed. That is why the main objective of the article is to study, document and illustrate the experience of safe work organization by the example of the coal mine «Ayach-Yaga» of the association Vorkutaugol, which was operating without fatal injuries for nine years (1989–1997).

The results achieved by the management and employees of the mine in such a dangerous plant, as coal mining by the underground method, showed: it is possible to work safe at the domestic enterprises; safety is the main condition for ensuring stable and efficient operation of the enterprise.

The results of the analysis of the external and internal working conditions of the «Ayach-Yaga» mine, carried out  transformations, as well as approaches on improving safety of miners used at that time allow to confirm  that the main success factors were personal interest, real concern of the company head about the employees safety and severe labor and technological discipline of the employees.

Based on the work experience of the Ayach-Yaga mine, and also well-known work experience of other enterprises and their managers, the requirements are formulated concerning the position of the first head of the enterprise on ensuring occupational safety. General principles of the successful work in the field of ensuring production safety: the priority provision of work organization and labor discipline; involvement of all the employees in this activity; actions aimed at prevention of negative events; personal responsibility for safety, etc.

Implementation of the above principles will ensure the change in the perception of safety and attitudes towards it from negative to positive, and the integration of function of ensuring labor safety into production activity.

References:
  1. Artemev V.B., Lisovskiy V.V., Tsinoshkin G.M., Kravchuk I.L. SIBENCO on the way to «zero injury». Ugol = Coal. 2018. № 8. pp. 71–75. (In Russ.).
  2. Kuznetsova E.A. «Zero injury rate»: history and today. Ekonomika truda = Labor Economics. 2018. Vol. 5. № 2. pp. 521–540. (In Russ.).
  3. Rudakov M.L. Corporate programs «Zero Incidents» as an element of strategic planning in the field of occupational safety for coal mining enterprises. Zapiski Gornogo institute = Notes of Mining Institute. 2016. Vol. 219. pp. 465–471. (In Russ.).
  4. Faynburg G.Z. How shall we reorganize occupational safety management (thoughts on the threshold of change). Bezopasnost i okhrana truda = Safety and labor protection. 2018. № 1 (74). pp. 11–17. (In Russ.).
  5. Tingvall C., Haworth N. Vision Zero — An ethical approach to safety and mobility. Available at:  https://www.monash.edu/muarc/archive/our-publications/papers/visionzero (accessed: June 1, 2019).
  6. Artemev V.B., Lisovskiy V.V., Dobrovolskiy A.I., Kravchuk I.L. Reserves to increase production safety at AO SIBENCO. Ugol = Coal. 2017. № 8. pp. 106–113. (In Russ.).
  7. Buldakova E.G., Gridina E.B. Analysis of occupational injuries and stages of creating the efficient system of industrial safety management by the example of OAO Vorkutaugol. Zapiski Gornogo institute = Notes of Mining Institute. 2014. Vol. 207. pp. 95–98. (In Russ.).
  8. Gendler S.G., Kochetkova E.V., Dal N.N. Experience in improvement of industrial safety and labor protection management in the coal industry of Russia by the example of OAO Vorkutaugol. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten = Mining information and analytical bulletin. 2013. № 5. pp. 297–305. (In Russ.).
  9. Kravchuk I.L., Lyakhovskiy G.V., Nevolina E.M. Experience of work in OAO Vorkutaugol on reducing risk of accidents and injuries. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten = Mining Information and Analytical Bulletin. 2007. Separate iss. № 17. pp. 124–137. (In Russ.).
  10. Lagutin K.I., Kuznetsov A.V., Ryabov N.I., Radkov S.A., Solonkov S.V., Napolskikh S.A., Sukharev A.G., Makarov A.M., Kravchuk I.L., Galkin A.V. Development and implementation of high priority measures on reduction of critical risk of injury in the main divisions of OAO Vysokogorsky GOK. Moscow: Gornaya kniga, 2011. 48 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Loginov A.K. OAO Vorkutaugol — increase of production efficiency with ensuring growth of industrial safety level. Ugol = Coal. 2005. № 8 (952). pp. 36–40. (In Russ.).
  12. Lööw J., Nygren M. Initiatives for increased safety in the Swedish mining industry: Studying 30 years of improved accident rates. Safety Science. 2019. Vol. 117. August. pp. 437–446.
  13. Lu-jie Zhou, Qing-gui Cao, Kai Yu, Lin-lin Wang, Hai-bin Wang. Research on Occupational Safety, Health Management and Risk Control Technology in Coal Mines. Available at:  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324799025_Research_on_Occupational_Safety_Health_Management_and_Risk_Control_Technology_in_Coal_Mines (accessed: June 1, 2019).
  14. Occupational Safety and Health in Mining. Anthology on the situation in 16 mining countries. Available at:  https://gupea.ub.gu.se/bitstream/2077/32882/1/gupea_2077_32882_1.pdf (accessed: June 1, 2019).
  15. Borodin A.V., Osipov V.M., Ryzhenko Yu.V., Fedosov D.V. New Approach to Building of the Functional Safety System for Coal Mine. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2017. № 3. pp. 38–40. (In Russ.).
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2019-7-67-73
Year: 2019
Issue num: July
Keywords : safety coal mining enterprise position of the head safe working conditions discipline strengthening work with the personnel principles of ensuring occupational safety
Authors:
  • Ekgardt V.I.
    Ekgardt V.I.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.)
  • Kravchuk I.L.
    Kravchuk I.L.
    kravchuk65@mail.ru, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Director ChF IGD UrO RAN, Chelyabinsk, Russia Director of Mining Safety ООО « NIIOGR », Chelyabinsk, Russia
  • Nevolina E.M.
    Nevolina E.M.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Senior Research Assistant ChF IGD UrO RAN, Chelyabinsk, Russia