The Specific Characteristics of Shock and Blast Impacts on Construction Sites


Annotation:

 

The practices of hazardous and unique facilities’ construction imply that specific attention is paid to the issues of safety. Threats associated with crash impacts caused by moving cars or planes are considered. To ensure safety of these construction sites it is required to know the potential dynamic loads and their destructive capacity. This article considers the methodology of reducing dynamic loads associated with impacts caused by moving collapsing solids and blast loads to equivalent static loads. It is demonstrated that practically used methods of reduction of dynamic loads to static loads are based in schematization only of the positive phase of a dynamic load in a triangle forms are not always correct and true. The historical roots of this approach which is not correct nowadays are shown; such approach considered a detonation explosion as a source of dynamic load, including TNT and even a nuclear weapon. Application of the existing practices of reduction of dynamic load to static load for accidental explosions in the atmosphere that occur in deflagration mode with a significant vacuumization phase may cause crucial distortion of predicted loads for the construction sites. This circumstance may become a matter of specific importance at calculations of potential hazard of impacts and explosions in unique units — for instance, in the nuclear plants. 

The article considers a situation with a plane crash, the building structure load parameters generated at the impact caused by a plane impact and the following deflagration explosion of fuel vapors are determined.

 

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-9-81-88
Year: 2021
Issue num: September
Keywords : blast loads dynamic coefficient deflagration explosion construction sites impacts by collapsed solids detonation explosion vibrations equivalent static loads
Authors:
  • Komarov A.A.
    Komarov A.A.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Head of the Explosion Safety Research Center, komarovaa@mgsu.ru NRU MGSU, Moscow, Russia