To implement the Strategic development plan for the Republic of Kazakhstan in accordance with the codes and standards of the International Labor Organization, it became necessary to develop the Concept of Safe Work. Review of the international labor codes and standards in the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development shows various approaches of the current system of public administration. Development of the international practice in the field of occupational safety and health is moving from compensatory to preventive measures.
When developing the Concept of Safe Work in the Republic of Kazakhstan, it is required to consider the international labor codes and standards, and the experience of the Great Britain, Germany, Finland, France, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus, the United States, and Japan. Tripartite and risk-oriented approaches are of particular interest. It is also necessary to study and adapt the efficient international experience: monitoring based on the assessment of occupational risks at the enterprises; participation of the state inspectors in the work of the centralized committee for monitoring and control over the observance of labor legislation; control and verification of the use of allocated funds; participation of insurance organizations in the financial measures for occupational safety and health, subsidization for the modernization of the outdated equipment; the program to assist and support small and medium-sized enterprises in risk assessment; system and culture of safe work with personal responsibility of the manager; laboratories for checking the classification of personal protective equipment by purpose depending on the protective properties.
Scientific research, adaptation, and development of the scientific and methodological foundations for ensuring safe work in the priority sectors of the country economy, as well as bringing the safety and health management system of the Republic of Kazakhstan in line with the codes and standards of the International Labor Organization, are of great importance.
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