Factory Inspection Supervision over Industrial Institutions of the Russian Empire in the 19th — Early 20th Centuries


The value of supervision over industrial institutions at the stage of active formation of industrial production in Russia in the 19th — early 20th centuries is shown.  The role of the factory inspectorate and other state bodies aimed at controlling the production process, as well as the spheres of interaction of the enterprises with the state is defined in the article. Based on the example of the activities of the factory inspectorate, the criteria are formed to determine the desired balance of rights and obligations in the structure of legal relations, which is required to comply with the interests of the state and business entities. Delineation of the powers of the factory inspectorate helps to identify the areas where state control is needed. At the same time, further study of the implementation of control and supervisory functions of the state in the field of industrial production is substantiated. The need to regulate this kind of relationship is indicated considering the modern realities where the merger of technological and organizational processes is objectively taking place, and the algorithms are built into the structure of legal relations. 
The issues of legal regulation of the industrial sector of the economy raised in the study indicate the unsolved fundamental problems of the theory of law, namely, the scope and significance of technical and legal regulation in the mechanism of management of the society, its scope in the structure of social regulation. The studied historical material allows to assert that the supervision in industry creates the basis for safety and real labor protection at the industrial objects.  Introduction of the institute of factory inspectors became an important factor in building the labor protection system at the factories and plants. With the help of this institute, the norms were implemented aimed at ensuring trouble-free functioning, including at explosive and fire-hazardous industries of the Russian Empire in the 19th — early 20th centuries.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-7-92-96
Year: 2021
Issue num: July
Keywords : occupational safety supervision control regulatory and legal regulation state supervision and control industrial institution manufactory factory inspectorate the Russian Empire
  • Kovaleva N.V.
    Kovaleva N.V.
    Dr. Sci. (Legal), Assoc. Prof., Prof., doktor.kovaleva.nv@yandex.ru Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia