Integral Assessment of the Results of the Activities of the Main Directorate of the EMERCOM of Russia by the Subjects of the Russian Federation in 2021


Annotation:

The legislation of the Russian Federation established that the criteria for assigning control objects to the risk of harm should be formed based on the results of an assessment of the risk of harm. In the existing literary sources there are no mathematical models for determining the risk of harm (damage) as a result of fires in buildings for an integral assessment of the results of the fire authority activities. A mathematical model was developed and tested to determine the risk of causing harm (damage) as a result of fires in buildings on the territory of the subjects of the Russian Federation. This allows to evaluate the results of the activities of the main departments of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia by the subjects of the Russian Federation, and to determine the categories of the level of ensuring fire safety depending on the calculated value of the risk of harm.
As a criterion for assigning the subjects of the Russian Federation to different categories of the level of ensuring their fire safety, it is proposed to use the risk of causing harm (damage) as a result of fires in buildings located on the territory of the relevant subject of the Russian Federation. The values of the risk of harm for each subject of the Russian Federation are given.
It is established that the distribution of the subjects of the Russian Federation by categories of the level of ensuring fire safety significantly depends on the objectivity of statistical information about fires and the number of buildings on the territory of each subject. The assessment of the results of the activities of each of the 86 main departments of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia is given. Their rating is determined depending on the calculated value of the risk of causing harm, as a result of fires on the territory of the relevant subject of the Russian Federation.

References:
1. On the state control (supervision) and municipal control in the Russian Federation: Federal Law of July 31, 2020 № 248-FZ. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_358750/ (accessed: July 17, 2022). (In Russ.).
2. Poroshin A.A., Kondashov A.A., Zobkov D.V., Ryzhikov A.I. Mathematical Model for Determining Risk Categories of Objects of Protection in the Field of Fire Safety. Aktualnye problem pozharnoy bezopasnosti: materialy XXXII nauch.-prakt. konf. (Current fire safety issues: Materials of the XXXII scientific-practical conference). Мoscow: VNIIPO, 2020. pp. 30–37. (In Russ.).
3.  Matyushin A.V., Firsov A.G., Matyushin Yu.A., Goncharenko V.S. Risk-Oriented Model of the Distribution of Buildings (Structures) by Categories of Risk of Causing Harm (Damage) as the Result of Fire to Substantiate the Frequency of Scheduled Inspections of the Buildings (Structures). Bezopasnost Truda v Promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2021. № 11. pp. 75–80. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-11-75-80
4. Reforming safety compliance checks: international experience in implementing a risk-oriented approach. Available at: https://bstudy.net/628848/ekonomika/reformirovanie_proverok_sootvetstviya_pravilam_bezopasnosti_mezhdunarodnyy_opyt_vnedreniya_risk_orienti (accessed: July 17, 2022).
5. Hampton P. Reducing administrative burdens: effective inspection and enforcement. Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/nol/shared/bsp/hi/pdfs/bud05hampton_150305_640.pdf (accessed: July 17, 2022).
6. Black J. Risk-based regulation: choices, practices and lessons being learnt// Risk and regulatory policy. Improving the governance of risk. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2010. pp. 185–224. DOI: 10.1787/9789264082939-11-en
7. GOST R ISO/IEC 31010—2011. Risk management. Risk assessment methods. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200090083 (accessed: July 17, 2022). (In Russ.).
8. Risk assessment and decision selection criteria. Available at: https://bstudy.net/600170/ekonomika/otsenka_velichiny_riska_kriterii_vybora_resheniya (accessed: July 17, 2022). (In Russ.).
9. On technical regulation: Federal law of December 27, 2002 № 184-FZ. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/ 901836556 (accessed: July 17, 2022). (In Russ.).
10. Technical regulation on fire safety requirements: The Federal Law of July 22, 2008 № 123-FZ. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/902111644 (accessed: July 17, 2022). (In Russ.).
11. On the approval of methodology for determining the calculated values of fire risk in the buildings, structures, and constructions of various classes of functional fire hazard: Order of EMERCOM of Russia of June 30, 2009 № 382. Available at: https://www.mchs.gov.ru/dokumenty/668 (accessed: July 17, 2022). (In Russ.).
12. Saaty T.L. Mathematical Principles of Decision Making: The Complete Theory of the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Pittsburgh: RWS Publications, 2010. 531 p.
13. Determination of the risk level and its dimension. Available at: https://cyberpedia.su/14x132d2.html (accessed: July 17, 2022). (In Russ.).
14. On the federal state fire supervision: Resolution of the Russian Federation Government of April 12, 2012 № 290. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/902341612 (accessed: July 17, 2022). (In Russ.).
15. Town Planning Code of the Russian Federation: Federal Law of December 29, 2004 № 190-FZ. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/901919338 (accessed: July 17, 2022). (In Russ.).
16. Matyushin A.V., Matyushin Yu.A., Firsov A.G., Goncharenko V.S. Integral method for evaluating the activity results of main offices of EMERCOM of Russia for the subjects of the Russian Federation. Pozharnaya bezopasnost = Fire Safety. 2021. № 4 (105). pp. 40–54. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.37657/vniipo.pb.2021.77.97.004
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2022-9-28-33
Year: 2022
Issue num: September
Keywords : criterion damage risk category probability of causing harm level of ensuring fire safety subject of the Russian Federation rating of main departments of the EMERCOM of Russia
Authors: