Factor Analysis of Industrial Injuries with the Purpose to Improve the Procedures for Training the Employees in Occupational Safety during Coal Mining


Annotation:

The article describes the concept of «zero injury», within the framework of which the current level of injury rate in the coal industry is analyzed, the causes of juries are given, and also, the problem of personnel qualification is raised. On the example of JSC «SUEK-Kuzbass», the analysis of industrial injury rate is presented. There are three key causes of injury: technical, systemic, and human factors. Qualitative dependence of the level of injury rate on time is given in the implementation of preventive measures — technical, systemic, and aimed at the formation of a safety culture, proposed by the International Labor Organization as a hypothesis confirmed at the number of enterprises in the mining industry, construction, and transport. Detailed analysis is conducted on such factors as profession, age and experience of the victims, the time elapsed after the start of the shift until the injury at work, as well as the competence of employees in safety matters. According to the analysis over the past three years, the most traumatic professions are: drifter, engineering and technical worker, underground miner, electrical fitter (locksmith), face miner, mining operator and driver. The most frequent injuries occurred with the employees with work experience of up to a year, from 5 to 10 years, and over 15 years. By age groups, the largest number of injuries was recorded for the employees aged from 31 to 35 years, which roughly corresponds to 5–10 years of work experience. Considering such a factor as the time from the beginning of a work shift to injury, it shall be noted that the greatest number of injuries occurs at the beginning of the shift and in the period 4–7 hours from the beginning of the shift. In accordance with GOST R ISO 45001—2020, the conducted analysis is an element of risk assessment and opportunities for further improvement of training programs for the employees in the field of occupational safety.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-5-82-87
Year: 2021
Issue num: May
Keywords : injury rate coal industry competence occupational safety training factor analysis the concept of «zero injuries»
Authors:
  • Rudakov M.L.
    Rudakov M.L.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Head of the Department Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
  • Smirnyakova V.V.
    Smirnyakova V.V.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof. Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Almosova Ya.V.
    Almosova Ya.V.
    Candidate, yanasvladislavovna@mail.ru Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Kargopolova A.P.
    Kargopolova A.P.
    Head of the Personnel Training and Development Center JSC «SUEK-Kuzbass», Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Russia