Experimental Research of the Combustion of Spherical Hydrogen-Air Mixtures in an Open Space under the Influence of Slowing and Accelerating Factors


It is shown that the experimental studies of flame propagation speed, the maximum pressure of the explosion of hydrogen-air mixtures were carried out in free space under the influence of slowing down and accelerating factors, such as power and type of ignition source, the effect of flame acceleration in the pipe, the effect of obstacles on the flame propagation path, the volume and composition of the combustible mixture when the content of the oxidizing agent or phlegmatizer changes in it. 

The dependence was established allowing to estimate the volume of a hydrogen-air mixture, during the combustion of which one can expect the burning speed that is close to the speed of sound in the initial mixture, and at which the transition of deflagration combustion to detonation is possible. When phlegmatizing hydrogen-air and oxygen-hydrogen mixtures with inert gases, such as nitrogen for example, the effect of reducing the burning speed and explosion pressure is achieved. The processes and conditions for the transition of deflagration combustion to detonation of free volumes of hydrogen-air mixtures and mixtures enriched and depleted of oxygen, depending on the power of the ignition source, volume, composition of the mixture and its turbulence, were studied.

It is noted that as the content of the inert gas in the mixture increases, these indicators decrease, and the profile of the pressure wave changes qualitatively. Turbulization of hydrogen-air and hydrogen-oxygen mixtures with dilution using nitrogen to certain limits by turbulators leads to an increase in the values of the apparent burning speed and the maximum speed of explosion burning, up to the transition to detonation. Irrigation of combustible mixtures with atomized water leads to the same effect.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2022-1-33-38
Year: 2022
Issue num: January
Keywords : detonation experiment deflagration blast pressure combustion rate hydrogen-air mixtures open space phlegmatization turbulization
  • Bolodyan I.A.
    Bolodyan I.A.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Chief Research Associate FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia
  • Vogman L.P.
    Vogman L.P.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Chief Researcher FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia
  • Nekrasov V.P.
    Nekrasov V.P.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Leading Researcher FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia
  • Mordvinova A.V.
    Mordvinova A.V.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Deputy Head of Department — Head of Sector, 3.5.3@vniipo.ru FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia