Dynamic and Static Models of Control and Supervision Activities Implementation during Hydraulic Structures Operation


F.V. Matveenkov, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Chief Specialist, fvmatveenkov@mail.ru FGUP Aviakomplekt, Moscow, Russia

Annotation:

At present, the most critical issue is the implementation of control (supervision) over the objects of technogenic environment by the state supervision authorities. Article 13 of the Federal Law «On Safety of Hydraulic Structures» establishes the frequency of scheduled inspections depending on the class of the supervised object. The object class effects not only the implementation by the supervision authorities of supervision procedures, but it is also the fundamental criterion in the organization of the owner of such an object of operation and maintenance. The establishment of the frequency of conducting scheduled inspection activities depending on the class of the object is the static model of supervision. Nevertheless, there is another dynamic model, which is already used in hydraulic engineering, but is not fixed in the Federal Law «On Safety of Hydraulic Structures». The article contains the main requirements of the Federal Law «On Protection of the Rights of Legal Entities and Individual Entrepreneurs at the Implementation of State Control (Supervision) and Municipal Control» with regard to the application of risk-oriented approach in the organization of state control (supervision). The transition from static to dynamic model for implementation of supervision activities during planned inspections by the supervision authorities over ensuring safety of the technogenic environment objects is suggested in the article. Dynamic model is proposed to be constructed depending on four levels of safety of hydraulic structures, which are indicated in the Russian Register of Hydraulic Structures. These levels have the qualitative assessment of hydraulic structures condition. In order to tie-in to the quantitative characteristics of the structures condition, it is suggested that when determining the level of safety, the value of the dose of harmful effect should be taken into account, which is specified in GOST R 22.2.09—2015 «Safety in Emergency Situations. Expert assessment of the level of safety and accidents risk of hydraulic structures. General provisions». In addition, for the purpose of more complete disclosure of uncertainties on the factors identifying the reliability and safety of hydraulic structures and constructions, the clarification of design characteristics and design schemes, combinations of loads and effects, as well as the limit states and design optimization by the limit state method, the application of probabilistic analysis is considered to substantiate the used technical solutions of the system «structure — foundation» for the hydraulic structures.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2018-7-54-58
Year: 2018
Issue num: July
Keywords : classification safety supervision hydraulic structures risk-oriented model static and dynamic models risk-oriented control
Authors:
  • Matveenkov F.V.
    Matveenkov F.V.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Deputy Director for Research, f.matveenkov@enerb.ru FBU STC energy Security, Moscow, Russia