Despite the industrial revolutions, optimization of production processes, the use of robotics and other advances of science and technology, the share of machine-tool equipment in the execution of the plan at industrial enterprises is large. Human-machine interaction is also invariable. In this regard, the injury rate of machine operators from year to year remains above average. To manage the employee occupational risks, it is required to carefully analyze the source of the risk — the machine-tool equipment used.
To manage the professional risks of a machine operator, it is required to assess the following parameters of the machine-tool complex: traumatic factors in accordance with the current legal requirements, and the data obtained as a result of the equipment practical application; completeness and content of the technical documentation for the machine-tool equipment; equipment life cycle stage, equipment operation period; fulfillment of the scheduled preventive maintenance schedule; the number and nature of emergency equipment failures; ergonomic indicators of the machine.
The analysis carried out according to the specified parameters can be presented visually in the form of a diagram reflecting the condition of machine equipment on six elements and on three levels using generally accepted signal colors: green - corresponds, yellow — partially corresponds, red — does not correspond. Thus, the results of the conducted analysis are visualized on a color chart, and mathematically evaluated as a percentage.
Comprehensive assessment of the state of machine-tool equipment makes it possible to more efficiently determine the risks for those working on the machine-tool equipment, as well as develop measures for the modernization or replacement of the machine-tool park.
2. Martins L., Silva F.J.G., Pimentel C., Casais R.B., Campilho R.D.S.G. Improving Preventive Maintenance Management in an Energy Solutions Company. Procedia Manufacturing. 2020. Vol. 51. pp. 1551–1558.
3. Wang N., Ren S., Liu Y., Yang M., Wang J., Huisingh D. An active preventive maintenance approach of complex equipment based on a novel product-service system operation mode. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2020. Vol. 277. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123365
4. Juhari M., Arifin K. Validating measurement structure of materials and equipment factors model in the MRT construction industry using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Safety Science. 2020. Vol. 131. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104905
5. On the approval of the Rules on occupational safety during placement, installation, maintenance, and repair of the technological equipment: Order of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation № 833n dated November 27, 2020. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/573068702?marker=6520IM (accessed: April 1, 2021). (In Russ.).
6. GOST 7599—82. Metal-working machines. General specifications. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200022686 (accessed: April 1, 2021). (In Russ.).
7. Assessment of injury safety of the workplaces for the purposes of their certification according to the working conditions. Methodological guidelines. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200034704 (accessed: April 1, 2021). (In Russ.).
8. Khabarova N.Ya., Gaponov V.L., Gaponov S.V., Gaponova E.Yu. Assessment of the injury risk workplaces. Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. «Nauka segodnya: vyzovy i resheniya» (International scientific and practical conference «Science today: Challenges and solutions). In 2 parts. Pt. 1. Vologda, 2018. pp. 60–61. (In Russ.).
9. Khabarova N.Ya., Gaponov V.L., Gaponov S.V., Gaponova E.Yu. Assessment of injury risk in the risk management process. News of Science and Education. 2018. Vol. 2. № 4. pp. 51–58. (In Russ.).
10. Pushenko S.L., Bozhko E.S., Zolotuhina I.A. Methods for reducing vibrations generated by shock equipment. Available at: https://www.e3s-conferences.org/articles/e3sconf/pdf/2020/24/e3sconf_tpacee2020_01026.pdf (accessed: April 1, 2021).
11. Pushenko S., Bozhko E., Zolotuhina I. Soundproofing presses by placing its nodes in a soundproof casing, including drive components. Available at: https://www.e3s-conferences.org/articles/e3sconf/pdf/2020/24/e3sconf_tpacee2020_01027.pdf (accessed: April 1, 2021).
12. Staseva E., Larin D., Demchenko S., Kobzev K. Theoretical studies on the calculation of the noise of impact equipment in blacksmith shops. Available at: https://www.e3s-conferences.org/articles/e3sconf/pdf/2020/24/e3sconf_tpacee2020_01030.pdf (accessed: April 1, 2021).
13. GOST 12.2.049—80. Occupational safety standards system. Industrial equipment. General ergonomic requirements. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/5200234 (accessed: April 1, 2021). (In Russ.).
14. GOST 12.2.032—78. Occupational safety standards system. Operator's location in a sitting position. General ergonomic requirements. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200003913 (accessed: April 1, 2021). (In Russ.).
15. GOST 12.2.033—78. Occupational safety standards system. Operator's location in a standing position. General ergonomic requirements. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200005187 (accessed: April 1, 2021). (In Russ.).