Ensuring Safety of Organoaluminum Compounds and Organic Peroxide Warehouses


The article is devoted to the application of organoaluminum compounds and organic peroxides in the synthesis of polyolefins and synthetic rubbers, in various catalytic polymerization systems. They posess higher explosion and fire hazard, which is characterized by the following: ability to spontaneous ignition in the open air (pyrophoricity), explosive interaction with water, carbon dioxide and chladones that makes it impossible to use them as conventional extinguishing agents.
To ensure safety during storage and use of organoaluminum compounds, it is required to: eliminate contacts with air and moisture during all the operations, including sampling; ensure tightness of equipment and pipelines. Equipment for catalysts production shall be placed in the special insulated cabins equipped with blast relief panels. In this case, it is required to provide for measures against spills and spreading of products; eliminate the use of water and steam heating; provide for special means and methods of fire extinguishing.
Specific requirements during peroxides storage, transportation and delivery to production: temperature maintenance, cooling, determination of safe distances, limitation of mass peroxides to be stored and transported.
In this article the need is substantiated concerning the development of the methodological recommendations for ensuring safety of production of the organoaluminum componds and organic peroxide warehouses. Substantiation was made based on many years of experience in designing plants using catalysts containing the above compounds. As the basic data the specialized organizations recommendations were used on properties, methods of production and application. General rules for handling and fire extinguishing of these products, as well as the foreign companies experience were also applied.

F.S. Konstantinova, Chief Specialist V.A. Slutsky, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Dir., proekt@plastpolymer.su AO «NPO» Plastpolymer», Saint-Petersburg, Russia S.G. Gabrielyan, Cand. Sci. (Eng.) FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia


1. Alyuminiy organicheskie soedineniya. Katalog (Organoaluminum Compounds. Catalog). Moscow: NIITEKhIM, 1988. 12 p.
2. Korneev N.N., Govorov N.N., Tomashevskiy M.V. Alyuminiyorganicheskie soedineniya (Svoystva, sposoby polucheniya, primenenie, metody analiticheskogo kontrolya, osnovnye pravila obrashcheniya) (Organoaluminum Compounds (Properties, Methods of Preparation, Application, Methods of Analytical Control, General Rules for Handling). Moscow: NIITEKhIM, 1988. 48 p.
3. Tekhnika bezopasnosti i protivopozharnye meropriyatiya pri rabote s alyuminiyorganicheskimi soedineniyami (Safety and Fire-fighting Measures When Working with Organoaluminum Compounds). Moscow: NIITEKhIM, 1978. 38 p.
4. Gabrielyan S.G., Vogman L.P., Shebeko Yu.N. Inhibition of oxidation processes of self-inflammatory organoaluminum compounds. Pozharnaya bezopasnost = Fire Safety. 2017. № 1. pp. 80–84.
5. Gabrielyan S.G. Boundaries of solutions spontaneous ignition of organometallic compounds. Pozharnaya bezopasnost = Fire Safety. 2011. № 2. pp. 36–37.
6. Obshchie pravila vzryvobezopasnosti dlya vzryvoopasnykh khimicheskikh, neftekhimicheskikh i neftepererabatyvayushchikh proizvodstv: feder. normy i pravila v obl. prom. bezopasnosti (General Rules of Explosion Safety for Explosion Hazardous Chemical, Petrochemical and Oil Processing Plants: Federal Norms and Rules in the Field of Industrial Safety). Ser. 09. Iss. 37. Moscow: ZAO NTTs PB, 2017. 130 p.
7. Crompton T.R., Belcher R., Fraser H. Analysis of organoaluminium and organozinc compounds. Manchester: Oldham&Son Ltd, 2013. 377 p.
8. Woodward S., Dagorne S. (Eds). Modern organoaluminum reagents. Preparation, Structure, Reactivity and Use. Berlin: Springer, 2013. 306 p.
9. Lewinski J., Wheatley A.E.H. Simple trivalent organoaluminum species: perspectives on structure, bonding and reactivity. Top Organomet. Chemistry. 2013. № 41. pp. 1–58.
10. Organic peroxides safe handling guideline. Available at: http://www-group.slac.stanford.edu/esh/eshmanual/references/chemsafetyGuidePeroxides.pdf (accessed: October 10, 2017).
11. Organic peroxides chemical hazards & risk minimization. Available at: https://ehs.unl.edu/sop/s-organic_peroxides_chem_haz_risk_min.pdf (accessed: October 10, 2017).

DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2018-2-58-62
Year: 2018
Issue num: February
Keywords : safety production organoaluminum compounds organic peroxides warehouse fire and explosion safety methodical recommendations on ensuring safety