Industrial Exoskeletons as Tools for Ensuring Industrial Safety. Normative and Technical Regulation


A significant role in ensuring industrial safety in terms of protecting the interests of the employees personality belongs to the occupational safety, which is directly related to the system of preserving the life and health of the employees in the course of the work activities. Occupational morbidity associated with the effect of physical overload and overstrain of individual organs and systems occupies the second rank position in the structure of occupational pathology depending on the harmful production factor. In this regard, the current and promising direction is the development of industrial exoskeleton technologies that can protect the musculoskeletal system of an employee from excessive physical activity. At the same time, the problem that creates significant restrictions on the introduction of industrial exoskeletons in industries, both in Russia and in other countries, is the lack of an appropriate regulatory-technical base.
Using the example of the activity of F48 Committee «Exoskeletons and exosuits» of ASTM, the results of the work of foreign experts in the field of standardization are presented, and the main problematic issues are highlighted. Approaches to this problem in the Russian Federation are shown, where industrial exoskeletons can represent a promising type of personal protective equipment for the musculoskeletal system, the use of which is aimed at reducing the negative influence of a harmful production factor — the severity of the labor process.
It is established that when developing the regulatory-technical base regulating testing and operation of industrial exoskeletons, it is necessary to combine the efforts of specialists in the technical and biomedical profile, developers, potential consumers and representatives of the scientific and research organizations, while focusing on existing domestic developments, as well as taking into account foreign experience.

1. On the state of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population in the Russian Federation in 2018: state report. Moscow: Gospotrebnadzor Rossii, 2019. 254 p. (In Russ.).
2. Lowe B.D., Billotte W.G., Peterson D.R. ASTM F48 Formation and Standards for Industrial Exoskeletons and Exosuits. IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors. 2019. Vol. 7. № 3–4. pp. 230–236. DOI: 10.1080/24725838.2019.1579769
3. White Paper: Hip Exoskeleton Market — Review of Lift Assist Wearables. Available at: (accessed: June 8, 2020).
4. Kolerova V. Exoskeletons are slowly moving into the workshops. Available at: (accessed: June 8, 2020). (In Russ.).
5. The exoskeleton is not a fantasy, but a piece of overalls. Available at: (accessed: June 8, 2020). (In Russ.).
6. Severstal purchased 30 Exorise exoskeletons for the Cherepovets steel works. Available at: (accessed: June 8, 2020). (In Russ.).
7. Anikienko E. Magnitogorsk residents showed the exoskeleton at the Fashion week in Moscow. Available at: (accessed: June 8, 2020). (In Russ.).
8. Committee F48 on Exoskeletons and Exosuits. Available at: (accessed: June 8, 2020).
9. On the organization of the activities of the technical committee for standardization «Personal protective equipment»: order of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia dated May 21, 2020 № 962. Available at: (accessed: June 8, 2020). (In Russ.).
10. Gilotta S., Spada S., Ghibaudo L., Isoardi M., Mosso C.O. Acceptability beyond Usability: A Manufacturing Case Study. Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association. 2018. Vol. VII. pp. 922–934. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96071-5_95
11. Hensel R., Keil M., Mucke B., Weiler S. Chancen und Risiken für den Einsatz von Exoskeletten in der betrieblichen Praxis. Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie. 2018. Ausgabe 10. pp. 654–661.
12. Bosch T., Eck J., Knitel K., Looze M. The effects of a passive exoskeleton on muscle activity, discomfort and endurance time in forward bending work. Applied Ergonomics. 2016. Vol. 54. pp. 212–217. DOI: 10.1016/j.apergo.2015.12.003
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2020-12-53-57
Year: 2020
Issue num: December
Keywords : industrial safety personal protective equipment occupational morbidity industrial exoskeletons severity of the labor process
  • Bukhtiyarov I.V.
    Bukhtiyarov I.V.
    Dr. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Director The Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution «Izmerov Research Institute of Occupational Health», Moscow, Russia
  • Geregey A.M.
    Geregey A.M.
    Laboratory Head of personal protective equipment and industrial exoskeleton, The Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution «Izmerov Research Institute of Occupational Health», Moscow, Russia
  • Efimov A.R.
    Efimov A.R.
    Head of the Robotics Laboratory PAO Sberbank, Moscow, Russia Senior Lecturer MGI NITU «MISiS», Moscow, Russia
  • Kostyleva E.V.
    Kostyleva E.V.
    Director of the Department Standartinform, Moscow, Russia