On Improving the Effectiveness of Training in the Field of Occupational Safety and Health


Annotation:

Modern economic conditions, intensive modernization and digitalization of production, and the level of technologies require a change in the approach to training in the field of occupational safety and health. It is necessary to improve the methodology and organization of the educational process, training programs, material and technical base and logistics.
Due to the appearance of Generation Z, the generation «born with gadgets in their hands», there was a huge gap between generations X, Y and Z (51–65, 31–50 and 18–30 years). The development of programs and training methods should consider generational psychophysiological features: the format, volume and speed of perception of information flows differ among employees of different generations.
The main aspects of the methodology that are recommended to be used in the development of training programs and methods are considered and justified. The first aspect is the change in perception due to digitalization of the society and economy, as well as the use of modern means of communication. The «bandwidth» of intelligence was increased: faster and more data is perceived per unit of time, but the ability to concentrate was decreased. In Generation Z, in comparison with X and Y, the ability to hold attention on one object decreased from an average of 12 to 8 seconds. Constant communication in gadgets and the specific format of information on the Internet formed the new psychophysiological features: to operate with abstractions, pictures; «scan» the text, and not read in the usual sense of the word, etc.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2020-11-89-94
Year: 2020
Issue num: November
Keywords : occupational safety injury rate training methodology digitalization generations X, Y and Z
Authors:
  • Shirokov Yu.A.
    Shirokov Yu.A.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., shirokov001@mail.ru Russian State Agrarian University — Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow Russia