Regulatory Guillotine in the Field of Industrial Safety


Annotation:

In Russia, the reform of the regulatory guillotine is being implemented in the field of control and supervisory activity. It should result in a new regulatory system formed according to the principles specified in the key federal laws: «On state control (supervision) and municipal control in the Russian Federation» (Law on Control) and «On mandatory requirements in the Russian Federation» (Law on Mandatory Requirements) adopted in August 2020. In the field of industrial safety, this process was launched by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation № 1192, which will come into force on January 1, 2021.
The main provisions are discussed in the article, which are related to the Law on Control and the Law on Mandatory Requirements. The Law on Control establishes the priority of preventive measures aimed at reducing the risk of causing harm in relation to the control activities, the grounds for carrying out control (supervisory) activities, the types of these activities in the forms of interaction with the controlled person and without such, the procedure for presentation of the results of control (supervisory) activity.
The Law on Mandatory Requirements establishes that the provisions of regulatory legal acts should enter into force either from March 1 or September 1, but not earlier than 90 days after their official publication, and their validity period should not exceed 6 years. The drafts of regulatory legal acts developed by the federal executive bodies are subject to regulatory impact assessment.
With a view to ensuring systematization of mandatory requirements, their register is kept. The federal executive body prepares a report on the achievement of the goals of mandatory requirements introduction.
By January 1, 2021, 10 resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation, 48 federal norms and rules in the field of industrial safety and 9 other regulatory legal acts of Rostechnadzor should be adopted. The drafts of all the documents are already prepared, 

References:
1. Methodology for the implementation of the action plan (Road map) on the implementation of the regulatory guillotine mechanism. Available at: https://rulaws.ru/acts/Metodika-ispolneniya-plana-meropriyatiy-(Dorozhnoy-karty)-po-realizatsii-mehanizma/ (accessed: September 18, 2020). (In Russ.).
2. Aleksandrov O.V. Regulatory Guillotines: International Experience in Removing Barriers to Business and Investment. Torgovaya politika = Trade policy. 2019. № 1 (17). pp. 107–119. (In Russ.).
3. Jacobs, Cordova & Associates. Reinventing regulatory reform. Available at: http://regulatoryreform.com/ (accessed: September 16, 2020).
4. Jacobs, Cordova & Associates. The Regulatory Guillotine™ Strategy Preparing the Business Environment in Croatia for Competitiveness in Europe (2005). Available at: http://regulatoryreform.com/report/regulatory-guillotine-strategy-preparing-business-environment-croatia-competitiveness-europe-2005/ (accessed: September 18, 2020).
5. Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs: a Presidential Document by the Executive Office of the President on 02/03/2017. Available at: https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2017/02/03/2017-02451/reducing-regulation-and-controlling-regulatory-costs (accessed: September 15, 2020).
6. Kenya’s Radical Licensing Reforms, 2005–2007: Design, Results, and Lessons Learned. Available at: http://www.businessenvironment.org/dyn/be/docs/155/Jacobs.pdf (accessed: September 16, 2020).
7. On the national goals and strategic development tasks of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2024: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation № 204 dated May 7, 2018. Available at: https://minenergo.gov.ru/view-pdf/11246/84473 (accessed: September 16, 2020). (In Russ.).
8. Chepunov O.I. Some Problems of the «Regulatory Guillotine». Nomothetika: Filosofiya. Sotsiologiya. Pravo = Nomothetika: Philosophy. Sociology. Law. 2020. Vol. 45. № 1. pp. 130–140. (In Russ.).
9. Action plan (Road map) for the implementation of the regulatory guillotine. Available at: http://static.government.ru/media/files/WBykdAuFAJNWZFyFBSx7DlGIcueZAEj4.pdf (accessed: September 18, 2020). (In Russ.).
10. On the state control (supervision) and municipal control in the Russian Federation: Federal Law of July 31, 2020 № 248-FZ. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_358750/ (accessed: September 16, 2020). (In Russ.).
11. On mandatory requirements in the Russian Federation: Federal Law of July 31, 2020 № 247-FZ. Available at: https://rg.ru/2020/08/05/trebovaniya-dok.html (accessed: September 18, 2020). (In Russ.).
12. On the acknowledgment as invalid of some regulatory legal acts and some provisions of the regulatory legal acts of the Government of the Russian Federation, on the abolition of some regulatory legal acts and some provisions of the regulatory legal acts of the federal executive bodies that contain mandatory requirements, compliance with which is assessed when carrying out control activities in the implementation of the federal state supervision in the field of industrial safety and state mining supervision, and the acknowledgment as invalid on the territory of the Russian Federation of the Instruction on the inspection of deformations of the sides, slopes of benches and dumps in the open pits, and the development of the activities to ensure their stability, approved by the State Committee for the supervision of safe work exection in industry and mining supervision under the Council of Ministers of the USSR dated July 21, 1970: Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of August 6, 2020 № 1192. Available at: http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001202008110003 (accessed: September 16, 2020). (In Russ.).
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2020-11-22-28
Year: 2020
Issue num: November
Keywords : industrial safety risk assessment supervision control preventive activities mandatory requirements regulatory legal acts regulatory guillotine controlled entity risk indicators
Authors:
  • Klovach E.V.
    Klovach E.V.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., General Dir., klovach@safety.ru STC «Industrial Safety» CJSC, Moscow, Russia
  • Pecherkin A.S.
    Pecherkin A.S.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Director, pecherkin@safety.ru Fund of James Bruce, Moscow, Russia
  • Shalaev V.K.
    Shalaev V.K.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Director for Regulatory Documents STC «Industrial Safety» CJSC, Moscow, Russia
  • Sidorov V.I.
    Sidorov V.I.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., President Fund of James Bruce, Moscow, Russia