Methodological Foundations of the Personalized Acoustic Monitoring


Annotation:

Methodological foundations of the personalized acoustic monitoring of the occupational safety in industry are stated.
Developed personalized acoustic environment indicators of hazard are described. They ensure real-time monitoring and assessment of hazard of the acoustic environment in the entire standardized frequency range of industrial and transport noise.
Typical personalized indicator of hazard of the acoustic environment consists of a meter, a signal and information board, a microprocessor, a switch, permanent and operational memory devices, various blocks: power supply, amplifiers, filters, detection, control, information input-output.
The requirements are formulated for personalized indicators of hazard of an acoustic environment. Implementation of the above requirements will ensure correct calculation of the health and performance risks caused by the exposure of employees to acoustic factors.
The features of using these indicators of hazard of an acoustic environment with the means of individual and collective protection against noise are determined. New possibilities for optimizing the use of such tools are shown — based on the   methodological foundations of personalized acoustic monitoring developed by the authors.
Development and implementation of a set of organizational and medical-technical measures using acoustic indicators will allow to ensure preservation of the personnel health, performance, and trouble-free operation in the conditions of occupational and industrial noise.
Interfacing of medical acoustic control systems at the enterprises with the unified system «Russian State Medical and Dosimetric Register» will allow at the federal level to implement the accumulation of objective information about the effect of acoustic factors on the enterprise employee for the sake of preservation of health, professional longevity and ensuring occupational safety.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2020-10-33-39
Year: 2020
Issue num: October
Keywords : acoustic occupational safety occupational physiology personalized acoustic monitoring acoustic hazard indicator health risk measurement noise protection equipment prevention of accidents occupational hygiene
Authors:
  • I.B. Ushakov
    I.B. Ushakov
    RAS Academician, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Chief Research Associate State Research Center — Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia
  • A.V. Bogomolov
    A.V. Bogomolov
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Lead Researcher State Research Center — Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia
  • Dragan S.P.
    Dragan S.P.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Laboratory Head, s.p.dragan@rambler.ru State Research Center — Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia
  • S.K. Soldatov
    S.K. Soldatov
    Dr. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Prof.-Consultant State Research Center — Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia