A.I. Grazhdankin, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Department Head, email@example.com N.L. Razumnyak, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Lead Researcher STC «Industrial Center» CJSC, Moscow, Russia
Accident rate at hazardous production facilities is mainly identified by the condition of moral and physical depreciation of the fixed assets in the fuel and energy industries. Buildings, structures, working and power machines and equipment, measuring and control devices and machines, production stock and accessories constitute the material and technical base not only of industrial production, but also of ensuring industrial safety at hazardous production facilities. Depreciation factor of the fixed assets is almost always present in the causes of accidents at hazardous production facilities in the modern Russia. Accident and injury rate as the inevitable and tragic costs of industrial production occur and manifest themselves only in the process of industrial activity. To assess the state of safety at hazardous and at the same time production facilities, an up-to-date picture of the creation, availability, use and maintenance of the fixed assets in industrial production is required. Statistical data are considered about the fixed assets in the industry of Russia from the middle of the XX century till present, obtained from the official sources of the Central Statistical Office of the USSR, Goscomstat of Russia, Rosstat and Rostechnadzor. Despite the stabilization of the fixed assets renewal, in the past 10 years the trend has been emerged towards the acceleration of the fixed assets depreciation at hazardous production facilities. On the average, up to 70 % of the equipment used at hazardous production facilities has expired service life. It is appropriate to redistribute the functions of supervision over safe reproduction of the fixed assets in industry to the modern risk-oriented structures for ensuring industrial safety at hazardous production facilities.
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