Circumstances and Causes of Incidents at the Performance of Reclamation Works in Agriculture


Annotation:

One of the priorities of the state agrarian policy of the Russian Federation is the reclamation of agricultural lands. The percent of the reclaimed areas increases annually. For example, in 2016 the area of irrigated farmland increased by 6940 hectares compared to 2015. This increase along with the intensive use of the irrigation technologies result in need to improve the activities for people and environment protection from the negative production factors.

The results of the analysis of injury rate at the performance of land reclamation works in agriculture are presented. Studies were conducted using the database «Injury rate with fatal and severe outcome in the agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation», which was developed by the authors of the article. It is established that the greatest number of injuries with fatality and drastic consequences have been referred to the drivers in the field of reclamation, compressor unit operators, watchmen and guards. The main sources of injury are mobile cars. The most traumatic works are: repair and maintenance of the machinery and equipment, transportation, production facilities protection. The age of the majority of victims is over 40 years.

The main causes of injuries during land reclamation work are the unsatisfactory organization of the labor process, dangerous actions of the injured person, and malfunction of the equipment. Models of irrigation equipment, during which operation and maintenance the majority of incidents occurred, are listed in the article. Noted was the need to pay special attention to safety of work for large-scale irrigation equipment in the area of high-voltage power lines.

I.V. Galyanov, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Chief Specialist, vniisrs.orelsau@mail.ru S.A. Rodimtsev, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof., Vice Rector N.S. Studennikova, Specialist FGBOU VO «Oryol State Agrarian University Named after N.V. Parakhin», Orel, Russia

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2018-12-30-35
Year: 2018
Issue num: December
Keywords : injury rate technical and organizational reasons land reclamation machines sprinklers work injuries data bases employees
Authors: