About the Flash Point of Organic Compounds


Annotation:

В настоящее время прогнозирование пожаровзрывоопасности веществ и материалов является одним из способов решения проблемы дефицита данных в этой области, поэтому данные исследования являются At present, the forecast of fire and explosion hazard of substances and materials is one of the ways to solve the problem of data deficiency in this area, therefore, these studies are relevant. In this context, the critical analysis and explanations of the work of A.A. Kostin, Yu.M. Litvinov and M.V. Korolkov «On the Relationship of Fire and Explosion Hazard with the Structure in the Series of Organic Compounds» emphasize the importance of the studies performed.
As a result of the critical analysis, the number of arguable points have been revealed about the role of the flash point in ensuring fire and explosion safety of industrial enterprises, and the need to forecast the fire and explosion hazard of organic compounds. It is noted that the contradictory and varied application of fire and explosion hazard indicator — flash point is due to the evolution of origin and the development of this characteristic, which is dated back to the kerosene era. It is shown that the proposed modifications of Ormandy — Craven equation have limitations for the stated scope of application. The number of engineering deficiencies are noted that were made by the authors when conducting the comparative analysis using «carbon chain rule» method. In general, the QSPR-study merits approval.

S.G. Alexeev, Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Assoc. Prof., Senior Research Assistant, 3608113@mail.ru K.S. Alexeev, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Research Associate SEC « Reliability and Safety of Large Systems and Machines» UB RAN, Ekaterinburg, Russia N.M. Barbin, Dr.Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof., Director Institute of Physical and Chemical Problems and Technosphere Safety, USAU, Ekaterinburg, Russia

References:

1. Kostin A.A., Litvinov Yu.M., Korolkov M.V. On the Relationship of Fire and Explosion Hazard with the Structure in the Series of Organic Compounds. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2018. № 6. pp. 52–58. DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2018-6-52-58 (In Russ.).
2. Alexeev S.G., Barbin N.M., Alexeev K.S., Orlov S.A. Correlation of Fire Hazard Characteristics with Chemical Structure. I. Alkanols. Pozharovzryvobezopasnost = Fire and Explosion Safety. 2010. Vol. 19. № 5. pp. 23–30. (In Russ.).
3. Alexeev S.G., Barbin N.M., Alexeev K.S., Orlov S.A. Correlation of Fire Hazard Characteristics with Chemical Structure. II. Ketones (Part 1). Pozharovzryvobezopasnost = Fire and Explosion Safety. 2011. Vol. 20. № 6. pp. 8–15. (In Russ.).
4. Alexeev S.G., Barbin N.M., Alexeev K.S., Orlov S.A. Correlation of Fire Hazard Characteristics with Chemical Structure. III. Ketones (Part 2). Pozharovzryvobezopasnost = Fire and Explosion Safety. 2011. Vol. 20. № 7. pp. 8–13. (In Russ.).
5. Alexeev K.S. Application of the rules of the carbon chain and the descriptor method for the calculation of indicators of fire hazard for oxygen-containing organic compounds: thesis ... Candidate of technical sciences. Ufa, 2016. 155 p. (In Russ.).
6. Alexeev S.G., Smirnov V.V., Alexeev K.S., Barbin N.M. Flash point Part III. Methods of calculation through the boiling point. Pozharovzryvobezopasnost = Fire and Explosion Safety. 2014. Vol. 23. № 3. pp. 30–43. (In Russ.).
7. Ormandy W.R., Craven E.C. Die chemisch-physikalische bedeutung von flammpunktstemperaturen. Chemisches Zentralblatt. 1922. Bd. II. № 14. pp. 763–764.
8. Shebeko Yu.N., Navtsenya V.Yu., Kopylov S.N., Gorshkov V.I., Korolchenko I.A., Poletaev A.N., Vasina O.V., Verevkin V.N., Belov S.G. Calculation of the main indicators of fire and explosion hazard of substances and materials: Guidelines. Moscow: VNIIPO, 2002. 77 p. (In Russ.).
9. GOST 12.1.044—89 (ISO 4589—84). SSBT. Fire and explosion hazard of substances and materials. Nomenclature of indices and methods for their determination. Moscow: Standartinform, 2006. 100 p. (In Russ.).
10. White W. The Practice of Flash Point Determination: A Laboratory Resource. West Conshohocken: ASTM, 2013. 91 p.
11. Akhmetzhanov I.S., Nikulina N.K., Dmitriev S.M. Relationship of flash point and boiling point for individual compounds. Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils. 1974. Vol. 10. № 8. pp. 637–638. DOI: 10.1007/BF00726380
12. Metcalfe E., Metcalfe A.E.M. Communication: On the correlation of flash points. Fire and Materials. 1992. Vol. 16. № 3. pp. 153–154. DOI: 10.1002/fam.810160307
13. CAS REGISTRY — The gold standard for chemical substance information. Available at: http://www.cas.org/content/chemical-substances (accessed: July 22, 2018).
14 The Merck Index 13.1 on CD ROM. First Search Tutorial. Whitehouse Station: Merck & Co., 2001. 14 p.
15. Korolchenko A.Ya., Korolchenko D.A. Fire and explosion hazard of substances and materials and the means of extinguishing them: Reference book: in 2 parts. Moscow: Pozhnauka, 2004. Pt. 1. pp. 470. (In Russ.).

DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2018-11-41-44
Year: 2018
Issue num: November
Keywords : forecast fire and explosion hazard ketone flash point spirit Ormandy — Craven equation structure-property relationship
Authors:
  • Alexeev S.G.
    Alexeev S.G.
    Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Assoc. Prof., Scientific Consultant, 3608113@mail.ru Ural Research Institute of the All-Russian Voluntary Fire Society, Ekaterinburg, Russia
  • Alexeev K.S.
    Alexeev K.S.
  • Barbin N.M.
    Barbin N.M.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof., Lead Researcher Ural Institute of the State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Ekaterinburg, Russia